Comparison of phenolic compound accumulation profiles in eight evergreen woody core eudicots indicating the diverse ecological adaptability of Camellia sinensis
Xiaolan Jiang#, Hua Hou#, Shuxiang Zhang, Yajun Liu, Haiyan Wang, Wei-Wei Deng, Shasha Zhou, Yahui Wu, Fangfang Shen, Liping Gao*, Tao Xia*
Scientia Horticulturae 219 (2017) 200–206
Phenolic compounds, such as flavanols, flavones, flavonols, anthocyanins, and phenolic acids, contributeto a plant’s adaptation to their ecological niches. These compounds serve as attractants of organisms beneficial to the plants or as defence against other biotic and abiotic factors during the plant evolution. In this paper, the accumulation patterns of phenolic compounds in the eight evergreen woody core eudicots indicated divergent and convergent evolution of plant secondary metabolites. The results indicated some phenolic acids and flavonols were distributed in all the studied eight evergreen woody plants, within Oleaceae, Theaceae, Caprifoliaceae and Celastraceae, with different accumulation profiles. The flavan-3-ols, monomeric catechins, and polymeric proanthocyanidins, were undetectable in Osmanthus fragrans, Ligustrum lucidum, and Fraxinus mariesii of Oleaceae, but highly accumulated in the other five species, especially in Camellia sinensis of Theaceae. It indicated Camellia sinensis evolved great ecological adaptive capacity to prevent herbivores, insect pests, and microbial pathogens.