Comparison of the Metabolic Behaviors of Six Systemic Insecticides in a Newly Established Cell Suspension Culture Derived from Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) Leaves
Weiting Jiao†, Yizheng Hu†, Guoqin Ge, Jianchao Li, Yu Xiao, Huimei Cai, Lili He, Rimao Hua, Jun Sun*, Ruyan Hou*
J. Agric. Food Chem. 2018, 66, 8593−8601
The use of an in vitro cell suspension to study insecticide metabolism is a simpler strategy compared to using intact plants, especially for a difficult matrix such as tea. In this study, a sterile tea leaf callus was inoculated into B5 liquid media with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D, 1.0 mg L−1) and Kinetin (KT, 0.1 mg L−1). After 3−4 subcultures (28 days each), a good cell suspension was established. Utilizing these cultures, the metabolic behaviors of six insecticides, including two organophosphates (dimethoate, omethoate) and four neonicotinoids (thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, and imidaclothiz) were compared. The results showed that thiamethoxam, dimethoate, and omethoate were easily metabolized by tea cells, with degradation ratios after 75 days of 55.3%, 90.4%, and 100%, respectively. Seven metabolites of thiamethoxan and two metabolites of dimethoate were found in treated cell cultures using mass-spectrometry, compared to only two metabolites for thiamethoxam and one for dimethoate in treated intact plants.